Harnessing the Power of Berberine: A Natural Alternative to Ozempic

In recent years, the world has witnessed a growing interest in natural remedies and alternative treatments for various health conditions. Among the trending alternatives is berberine, a compound found in several plants with a rich history in traditional medicine. Its potential as a substitute for pharmaceuticals like Ozempic, a medication used to manage type 2 diabetes, is particularly intriguing. Let’s delve into the benefits of berberine and explore how it stacks up against Ozempic, including their respective side effects.

Berberine: Nature’s Answer to Diabetes Management

Berberine is a bioactive compound found in several plants, including goldenseal, barberry, and Oregon grape. For centuries, it has been used in traditional Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine to treat various ailments, including digestive issues, infections, and inflammation. However, its recent spotlight is primarily due to its promising effects on blood sugar control, making it a potential contender in the management of type 2 diabetes.

Benefits of Berberine:

  1. Blood Sugar Regulation: Multiple studies have demonstrated berberine’s ability to lower blood sugar levels by improving insulin sensitivity and reducing insulin resistance. It works by activating an enzyme called AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), which plays a crucial role in regulating metabolism.
  2. Lipid Metabolism: Berberine has also shown promise in improving lipid metabolism, leading to reductions in total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides. By promoting healthy lipid levels, it may help reduce the risk of cardiovascular complications, which are common in individuals with diabetes.
  3. Weight Management: Some research suggests that berberine may aid in weight loss by influencing various metabolic pathways, including those involved in fat metabolism and appetite regulation. Maintaining a healthy weight is essential for managing diabetes and reducing insulin resistance.
  4. Antioxidant and Anti-inflammatory Properties: Berberine exhibits potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, which can help mitigate the oxidative stress and chronic inflammation associated with diabetes and its complications.

Ozempic: Understanding the Conventional Approach

Ozempic (semaglutide) is a prescription medication belonging to a class of drugs called glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists. It is primarily used to improve blood sugar control in adults with type 2 diabetes by stimulating insulin secretion and reducing glucagon production.

Side Effects of Ozempic:

  1. Gastrointestinal Disturbances: Common side effects of Ozempic include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. These symptoms typically occur during the initial weeks of treatment and may subside over time.
  2. Hypoglycemia: While less common than with some other diabetes medications, hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) can occur, especially when Ozempic is used in combination with insulin or sulfonylureas.
  3. Pancreatitis: There is a potential risk of pancreatitis associated with Ozempic, although it is rare. Symptoms may include severe abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting.
  4. Thyroid Tumors: Long-term studies in animals have raised concerns about an increased risk of thyroid tumors with GLP-1 receptor agonists like Ozempic. However, more research is needed to understand the implications for humans.

Berberine vs. Ozempic: Weighing the Options

While both berberine and Ozempic offer potential benefits for managing type 2 diabetes, they differ in their origins, mechanisms of action, and side effect profiles. Berberine stands out as a natural alternative with a long history of use in traditional medicine, while Ozempic represents a conventional pharmaceutical approach.

When considering these options, individuals should consult with healthcare professionals to determine the most suitable treatment plan based on their unique health needs, preferences, and any existing medical conditions. Integrating lifestyle modifications, such as dietary changes, regular exercise, and stress management, alongside medication, can further enhance diabetes management and overall well-being.

In conclusion, berberine emerges as a promising natural alternative to Ozempic for individuals seeking additional options for managing type 2 diabetes. Its efficacy in improving blood sugar control, lipid metabolism, and other metabolic parameters, coupled with its favorable safety profile, makes it a compelling choice worth exploring. However, more research is needed to fully elucidate its long-term effects and optimal dosing strategies. As with any treatment decision, collaboration between patients and healthcare providers is essential to ensure personalized and effective care.

Embracing Sourdough: Exploring the Unique Benefits Over Other Bread Products

In the realm of bread, few things capture the imagination and the palate quite like sourdough. With its tangy flavor, chewy texture, and rich history, sourdough bread stands apart from its counterparts in more ways than one. In recent years, there has been a resurgence of interest in sourdough, not just for its delicious taste but also for its numerous health benefits and unique qualities that set it apart from other bread products. Let’s delve into the world of sourdough and explore why it’s worth embracing over other bread options.

  1. Natural Fermentation: One of the key distinguishing factors of sourdough bread is its fermentation process. Unlike commercial yeast used in many bread products, sourdough relies on natural wild yeast and lactic acid bacteria present in the flour and the environment. This slow fermentation process not only gives sourdough its signature tangy flavor but also enhances its nutritional profile. The prolonged fermentation breaks down gluten and phytic acid, making sourdough easier to digest and improving nutrient absorption.
  2. Gut Health: The fermentation process of sourdough not only improves digestibility but also promotes gut health. The lactic acid bacteria present in sourdough act as probiotics, beneficial microorganisms that support a healthy balance of gut flora. By consuming sourdough regularly, you’re not just nourishing your body with essential nutrients but also nurturing your gut microbiome, which plays a crucial role in overall health and immunity.
  3. Nutritional Superiority: Compared to many commercial bread products, sourdough tends to be more nutritious. The fermentation process increases the availability of vitamins and minerals in the bread, including B vitamins, folate, and magnesium. Additionally, the breakdown of gluten during fermentation may make sourdough more tolerable for those with gluten sensitivities, although it’s important to note that sourdough is not gluten-free.
  4. Lower Glycemic Index: Sourdough bread typically has a lower glycemic index compared to other bread types, meaning it causes a slower and steadier increase in blood sugar levels after consumption. This can be beneficial for individuals seeking to manage their blood sugar levels or those following a low glycemic diet.
  5. Artisanal Craftsmanship: Sourdough bread is often associated with artisanal craftsmanship and traditional baking methods. Many sourdough enthusiasts take pride in creating their own starters and mastering the art of breadmaking, which can be a deeply satisfying and rewarding culinary pursuit. This emphasis on quality ingredients, time-honored techniques, and attention to detail sets sourdough apart as a premium bread product.
  6. Distinctive Flavor Profile: One of the most beloved aspects of sourdough is its unique flavor profile. The tangy taste imparted by the fermentation process adds depth and complexity to the bread, making it a favorite among food enthusiasts and culinary connoisseurs. Whether enjoyed on its own with a drizzle of olive oil or used as the foundation for sandwiches and toast, sourdough brings a distinctive taste experience to the table.

In conclusion, while there is certainly a wide variety of bread options available in today’s market, sourdough stands out for its natural fermentation process, gut-friendly properties, nutritional benefits, and unparalleled flavor. By choosing sourdough over other bread products, you’re not just indulging in a delicious treat but also nourishing your body and connecting with a rich culinary tradition. So, the next time you reach for a loaf of bread, consider embracing the tangy allure of sourdough and savoring its many benefits. Your taste buds and your health will thank you for it.

TMHS 760: Age in Reverse & Heal FASTER Using the Power of Your Mind – with Dr. Ellen Langer

Is it possible to harness the power of your mind to improve your health? On today’s show, you’re going to hear some fascinating research that proves that we are in control of our health outcomes. By simply changing our thoughts and beliefs, we hold the potential to become healthier, happier, and even feel younger.

Today’s guest, Dr. Ellen Langer, is a social psychologist, pioneering researcher, and the mother of mindfulness. Since the 1970s, she’s been researching the remarkable concept of mind-body unity. She’s joining this episode of The Model Health Show to share her powerful findings of how your thoughts can change your health and longevity.

This conversation contains insights on how your beliefs can affect multiple health metrics, including your cognitive function, blood sugar, stress levels, and lifespan. You’re going to hear the fascinating details behind Dr. Langer’s work, and the powerful authority you have to influence your health. I hope you enjoy this episode on the healing power of mindfulness.

In this episode you’ll discover:

  • How your perception can affect your body and your health outcomes.
  • What the mindful body
  • A distinction between mindfulness and meditation.
  • Why taking notice of things around you is good for your health.
  • How thinking in absolutes can make life less interesting.
  • Why fatigue is a psychological construct.
  • The interesting connection between cognitive function and perceived sleep.
  • How the mind and the body are interconnected.
  • Why stress can make you sick.
  • The #1 question you can ask yourself to reframe your stress.
  • How being more mindful gives you more choices.
  • Why a diagnosis can become a self-fulfilling prophecy.
  • What incurable really means.
  • How beliefs affect the aging process.
  • The connection between mindfulness and lifespan.
  • How your assumptions about a food can impact its effects on your body.
  • Strategies for releasing judgment towards others and ourselves.
  • The relationship between forgiveness and blame.
  • Why play is good for your health.
  • How celebrating our differences can make us happier.


To watch the full video go to:


For more info and resources on this podcast check out:


Holiday Menu 2023

From our homes to yours, we would like to share our favourite recipes as you prepare for your holiday feast.  

From all of us, we wish you a very happy Christmas season and many blessings in 2024!

With love, Allison, Brittany, Julie and Michelle.

Life Affirming Vegan Nacho Cheese Dip

Shared by Dr. Julie Zepp, ND

“I always like to create new traditions for my family and friends when we come together during the holiday season.  Which includes making some “out of the box” contributions to my festive gatherings.  This year a favorite contribution to my potlucks was this Life Affirming Vegan Nacho Cheese Dip, from Angela Liddon’s Oh She Glows cookbook, a staple in my kitchen.

This was a big hit, and everyone was suitably impressed when I told them it was protein dense, filled with healthy essential fatty acids, vegan, gluten-free and very healthy!

I served it with the options of corn taco chips, rice crackers, and Mary’s gluten-free crackers.”

 1 cup (250 mL) raw cashews (best soaked for minimum two hours) in warm water
1 cup (250 mL) peeled/chopped carrots
6 tbsp nutritional yeast
2 tbsp lemon juice
1 garlic clove
1 1/4 tsp sea salt
3/4 tsp chili powder
1/2 tsp onion powder
1/4 tsp cayenne pepper

1 cup chunky salsa or marinara sauce
1 cup finely chopped sweet onion
1 chopped jalapeno pepper (optional)
4 handfuls of chopped spinach
1/3 cup crushed corn chips or GF crackers for topping
1-2 green onion for garnish
Chips or crackers for dipping.


  1. Place the cashews in a bowl, add water and cover for 2
    hours or overnight. Drain and set aside.
  2. Preheat oven to 400F (200C). Lightly grease a
    casserole dish or 2-quart cast iron pan. Place carrots in a small sauce pan and add water to
    simmer for 5 minutes until tender. I added some garlic powder, salt, and pepper for flavour.
  3. In blender, combine soaked cashews, nutritional yeast, carrots, lemon juice, cayenne pepper, garlic, salt, chili powder, onion powder, and 2/3 cup water or coconut milk and blend until silky smooth. You may need to add more water if too thick. Pour into a large bowl.
  4. Stir salsa, onion, spinach, and jalapeno into the cheese sauce until fully combined. Pour into baking dish and smooth out the top. Sprinkle corn chips or breadcrumbs on top.
  5. Bake for 25-30 minutes, uncovered, watching closely toward the end of the cooking time to make sure the corn chip topping doesn’t burn. Garnish with sliced green onion and serve once cooled.
  6. You can store this dish for about 3-5 days in an airtight container in the fridge.  IF there is any left 🙂  Happy eating!!

Shaved Brussel Sprout Salad

Shared by Dr. Julie Zepp, ND

 4 cups Brussels sprouts, uncooked

¼ cup extra-virgin olive oil, plus extra for drizzling

¼ cup fresh lemon juice

½ cup pine nuts, toasted

⅓ cup dried cranberries

⅓ cup grated pecorino cheese, optional

⅓ cup chopped chives

Sea salt and freshly ground black pepper.


  1. Thinly slice the Brussels sprouts using a mandolin if you have one.
  2. Place them into a medium bowl and toss with the olive oil, lemon juice, pine nuts, cranberries, pecorino cheese, chives, and pinches of salt and pepper.
  3. Let the salad sit at room temperature for 15 minutes, then taste and adjust the seasonings. Finish with an additional drizzle of olive oil if you like.


Roast Chicken

Shared by Dr. Brittnay Wolfe, ND


1 x 3.5 lb chicken
2 medium onions
2 carrots
2 sticks of celery
1 bulb of garlic
olive oil
1 lemon
1 bunch of mixed fresh herbs, such as, thyme, rosemary, parsley.


  1. Remove the chicken from the fridge 30 minutes before you want to cook it, to let it come up to room temperature.
  2. Preheat the oven to 475°F
  3. Wash and roughly chop the vegetables – there’s no need to peel them. Break the garlic bulb into cloves, leaving them unpeeled.
  4. Pile all the veg, garlic and herbs into the middle of a large roasting tray and drizzle with oil.
  5. Drizzle the chicken with oil and season well with sea salt and black pepper, then rub all over the bird.
  6. Carefully prick the lemon all over, using the tip of a sharp knife. Put the lemon inside the chicken’s cavity, with the bunch of herbs.
  7. Place the tray in the oven, then turn the heat down immediately to 400°F and cook for 1 hour 20 minutes.
  8. If you’re doing roast potatoes and veggies, this is the time to crack on with them – get them into the oven for the last 45 minutes of cooking.
  9. Baste the chicken halfway through cooking and if the veg look dry, add a splash of water to the tray to stop them from burning.
  10. When the chicken is cooked, take the tray out of the oven, and transfer the chicken to a board to rest for 15 minutes or so. Cover it with a layer of tin foil and a tea towel and leave aside while you make your gravy.
  11. To carve your chicken, remove any string and take off the wings (break them up and add to your gravy, along with the veg trivet, for mega flavour). Carefully cut down between the leg and the breast. Cut through the joint and pull the leg off.
    Repeat on the other side, then cut each leg between the thigh and the drumstick so you end up with four portions of dark meat. Place these on a serving platter.

You should now have a clear space to carve the rest of your chicken. Angle the knife along the breastbone and carve one side off, then the other.
When you get down to the fussy bits, just use your fingers to pull all the meat off and turn the chicken over to get all the tasty, juicy bits from underneath. You should be left with a stripped carcass, and a platter full of lovely meat that you can serve with your piping hot gravy and some delicious roast veg.

Cinnamon apple scones

Shared by Dr. Michelle Sthamann, ND

2 tbsp Ground Flax Seed

3/4 cup Water
2 cups All Purpose Gluten-Free Flour

1 tbsp Baking Powder

1/4 cup Coconut Sugar

1/2 tsp Sea Salt

1 tsp Cinnamon

1/3 cup Coconut Oil (room temperature)

1 Apple (medium, diced)


  1. Preheat oven to 400 F and line a baking sheet with parchment paper.
  2. In a mixing bowl, mix the ground flax with water. Set aside to thicken.
  3. In a separate bowl, combine the flour, baking powder, coconut sugar, salt and cinnamon.  Mix well, then add in coconut oil and mash with a fork until it is broken up and distributed evenly. Add flax mixture and diced apple. Stir well until combined.
  4. Transfer the dough onto your parchment lined baking sheet. Use your hands to form a round shape, about 1 inch in height. Then use a large wet knife to cut it into 6 or 8 even wedges.
  5. Sprinkle the top with a bit of coconut sugar and cinnamon and bake for 25 minutes, or until edges are golden brown.
  6. Remove from oven, let cool slightly and enjoy immediately.



Hot Mulled Cider

Shared by Dr. Allison Ziegler, ND

6 cups organic apple cider

2 large organic orange slices

4 to 5 slices fresh ginger

5 cinnamon sticks

2 tsp whole cloves


  1. Place all ingredients in a large pot. Simmer, covered, over low to medium-low heat for about 1 hour.
  2. Strain out spices by pouring contents through a fine mesh strainer into another pot.
  3. You can keep the pot on the stove on warm if you would like to serve it over an extended period of time.

The Impact of Proposed Changes to Natural Health Product Regulations in Canada

Natural Health Products (NHPs) have been an integral part of proactive healthcare for Canadians, regulated by the Natural and Non-Prescription Health Products Directorate (NNHPD) under the Natural Health Products Regulations (NHPR) since 2004. However, recent proposed changes by Health Canada threaten the unique regulatory framework that has made Canada a global leader in NHP regulation.

Current Regulatory Framework: Under the existing regulations, all NHPs must be approved by Health Canada before being sold in Canada, with a Natural Product Number (NPN) or Homeopathic Medicine Number (DIN-HM) indicating approval. This ensures that Canadians can trust the safety, efficacy, and quality of the products they use. The level of evidence required varies based on the nature and risk associated with the health claim.

Proposed Changes and Labeling Requirements: On July 6, 2022, Health Canada announced new labeling requirements set to take effect in 2025. The intention is to enhance clarity and reduce confusion for consumers. Unfortunately, these changes were made without considering industry feedback, leading to technical and inflexible guidance that poses challenges for brands. An Economic Impact Study revealed that these changes could lead to product withdrawals, companies leaving the Canadian market, and negative impacts on employment.

Cost Recovery Concerns: The proposed cost recovery system for NHPs, including fees for product evaluation, site licenses, and annual renewal fees, is a significant departure from the current regulatory landscape. While cost recovery is acknowledged as necessary, the proposed fees, if implemented simultaneously with new labeling requirements, could financially devastate the NHP industry in Canada, particularly small to medium-sized businesses.

Impact on the NHP Industry:

  1. Financial Strain: The proposed changes threaten the viability of many companies, potentially forcing them to shut down Canadian operations.
  2. Price Increases and Limited Availability: Brands may face dramatic price increases or withdraw from the Canadian market altogether, resulting in decreased product variety and choice.
  3. Challenges for Local Businesses:Small, local businesses may struggle to navigate complex regulations and face lengthy approval processes, leading to increased costs that they may not be able to absorb.
  4. Environmental Impact: New regulations may increase packaging, reduce recyclability, and negatively impact the environment.

In the face of these proposed changes to Natural Health Product (NHP) regulations in Canada, it’s essential for concerned individuals to take action and advocate for a balanced and reasonable regulatory approach. Here are some resources that can help you get involved and make a difference:

  1. Request an Action Kit: To actively participate in the advocacy efforts, you can request an Action Kit by visiting this link. The kit includes valuable resources such as messages and images for social media, a sample email to share with your network, and other digital assets to help build awareness in your community.
  2. Email Your Elected Member of Parliament: You can directly reach out to your elected Member of Parliament (MP) and express your concerns about the proposed changes to NHP regulations. Use the Save Our Supplements website to find resources and a template for sending an impactful email to your MP. Your voice matters, and collective action is crucial to preserving the diversity, innovation, and accessibility of Natural Health Products in Canada.If these changes are imposed, there is a risk of losing access to a variety of essential products that contribute to our well-being. All supplements may be impacted- even common items like protein powder and magnesium products, which many rely on as part of their health routines. It is vital to recognize the potential consequences and actively engage in advocacy efforts to protect the availability and affordability of these products.

By actively engaging with these resources and spreading awareness within your community, you contribute to the strength of the industry and help ensure that Canadians continue to have access to safe, effective, and diverse Natural Health Products. Advocacy is a powerful tool, and together, we can make a difference in shaping the future of NHP regulations in Canada

Unveiling the Microbial World Within: How to assess the Gut Microbiome’s Impact on your Health

Deep within your body resides a hidden world teeming with trillions of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi. This intricate microcosm primarily inhabits your intestines, collectively known as the gut microbiome. It’s an intricate, adaptable, and diverse ecosystem, wielding significant influence over your overall well-being. In this article, we embark on a journey into the realm of the gut microbiome, uncovering its profound impact on various facets of health.

Weight and Gut Dysbiosis:

The gut microbiome plays a pivotal role in weight regulation. Research reveals that an imbalance between beneficial and harmful gut microbes, a condition termed gut dysbiosis, can contribute to weight gain. To emphasize this connection, scientists turned to identical twins, demonstrating that differences in the microbiome were not solely due to genetics. Intriguingly, when the microbiome from a twin with obesity was transplanted into mice, these rodents gained more weight than those receiving the microbiome from the lean twin.

Gut Health:

Your gut microbiome significantly influences gut health, exerting an impact on conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Individuals with IBS often grapple with unpleasant symptoms such as bloating, cramps, and abdominal pain, driven by gas and chemical production by specific microbes. On the bright side, beneficial bacteria like Bifidobacteria and Lactobacilli, found in probiotics and yogurt, can enhance gut health by sealing gaps between intestinal cells and preventing disease-causing bacteria from adhering to the intestinal wall.

Heart Health:

Surprisingly, the gut microbiome extends its influence to cardiovascular health. Some studies suggest it can elevate “good” HDL cholesterol levels and reduce triglycerides. However, an ominous twist involves unhealthy gut microbes generating trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO), a substance linked to heart disease, arterial blockages, and the risk of heart attacks or strokes. These detrimental microbes convert nutrients from red meat and animal-based foods into TMAO, potentially elevating the risk of heart disease. Fortunately, certain probiotics, particularly Lactobacilli, offer potential in reducing cholesterol levels.

Blood Sugar and Diabetes:

The gut microbiome may also hold a key role in blood sugar control, subsequently influencing the risk of developing type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Emerging evidence suggests that changes in the microbiome may precede the onset of type 1 diabetes. Additionally, it’s now believed that variations in blood sugar responses to identical diets may be associated with differences in gut bacteria composition.

Brain Health:

Intriguingly, the gut microbiome’s impact isn’t confined to the gut alone; it may play a pivotal role in maintaining brain health. Specific species of gut bacteria contribute to the production of neurotransmitters in the brain. For instance, serotonin, a vital neurotransmitter influencing mood and mental well-being, is primarily synthesized in the gut. Furthermore, the extensive network of nerves connecting the gut and the brain suggests that alterations in the microbiome may influence messages transmitted to the brain. Research even indicates that individuals with psychological disorders exhibit distinct gut microbiome profiles. Although further investigation is warranted, there is promising potential for the gut microbiome to be a modifiable factor in brain health.


Cultivating a Healthy Gut Microbiome:

Nurturing a thriving gut microbiome is imperative for overall health. Consider the following strategies to support and optimize your gut microbiome:

  •  Diverse Diet: Embrace a wide range of foods, especially those rich in fiber, as they encourage the growth of beneficial Bifidobacteria. Legumes, beans, and fruits are excellent choices.
  •  Fermented Foods: Include yogurt, sauerkraut, and kefir in your diet, as they are abundant in healthy bacteria, primarily Lactobacilli. These friendly microbes can help reduce the prevalence of disease-causing microbes in your gut.
  •  Limit Artificial Sweeteners: Certain artificial sweeteners, like aspartame, can stimulate the growth of unhealthy bacteria in the gut, potentially affecting blood sugar levels.
  •  Prebiotic Foods: Consume foods rich in prebiotics, such as artichokes, bananas, asparagus, oats, and apples. Prebiotics stimulate the growth of beneficial bacteria in your gut.
  •  Breastfeeding: If possible, breastfeed for at least six months, as it’s crucial for the development of a healthy gut microbiome in infants.
  •  Whole Grains: Integrate whole grains into your diet; they’re packed with fiber and beneficial carbohydrates that can benefit weight management, cancer risk, and more.
  •  Plant-Based Diet: Consider adopting a plant-based diet, as it may help reduce levels of disease-causing bacteria, lower inflammation, and decrease cholesterol.
  •  Polyphenol-Rich Foods: Foods like red wine, green tea, dark chocolate, olive oil, and whole grains are rich in polyphenols. These compounds are broken down by the microbiome to stimulate the growth of healthy bacteria.
  •  Probiotic Supplements: Probiotics, live bacteria that promote a healthy gut microbiome, can be a valuable addition to your regimen.
  •  Antibiotics When Necessary: Only take antibiotics when medically necessary, as they can disrupt the gut microbiome. It’s crucial to use them judiciously.


In essence, your gut microbiome is not a passive bystander in your body; it’s an active participant in your overall health. Although there are many ways to assess the health of your gut via a thorough medical history with your trained gut health practitioner, another option Dr. Sthamann uses in specific cases is the USBiotek stool tests.


Exploring US BioTek’s Advanced Testing Options for the Gut Microbiome


Understanding the complexities of the gut microbiome is a remarkable journey in itself, but it’s made even more fascinating by the advanced testing options offered by US BioTek. These testing methodologies provide valuable insights into the composition and function of the gut microbiome, allowing us to better comprehend its impact on our health. Let’s take a closer look at the cutting-edge testing profiles available through US BioTek via a simple at home stool sample:


The GI – Advanced Profile stands at the pinnacle of comprehensive stool testing. Building upon the Basic and Standard GI Microbiome profiles, it elevates the examination with 98 markers encompassing 15 diverse testing categories. This profile combines various testing methodologies to deliver results of unparalleled sensitivity, accuracy, and reproducibility. Here’s a glimpse of the techniques employed:


PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction): US BioTek employs real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) tests to qualitatively detect nucleic acid from a broad spectrum of potential troublemakers in the gut. These include parasites, bacteria, and viruses. Notably, the RT-PCR platform used is FDA-authorized and requires specialized equipment and expertise to identify DNA within cells. The PCR technique, a widely used molecular biology method, enables the amplification and detection of DNA and RNA sequences. It empowers US BioTek to precisely identify even the smallest amounts of markers within the stool, providing highly accurate, reliable, and reproducible results.


ELISA (Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay): ELISA is an established immunological technique widely employed to detect the presence of specific antibodies or antigens in a patient’s blood. What sets US BioTek’s approach apart is the use of a fully-automated protocol that utilizes advanced robotics and barcoding to track each specimen throughout the testing procedure. In this method, antigen-specific antibodies, bound to the antigen, are detected through spectrophotometric analysis, ensuring reliable and accurate results.


Macroscopy: Stool macroscopy is a technique where stool samples are visually examined to detect abnormalities such as blood, mucus, parasites, and other foreign materials. Technicians inspect stool samples for color, consistency, and any unusual features. This method provides a valuable visual perspective on the stool sample’s composition.


Culture: Stool culture is a laboratory test utilized to identify bacteria in stool specimens. A small quantity of stool is placed on a growth medium and incubated at a warm temperature. If bacteria are present, they grow and form colonies, which can then be identified based on their appearance and through biochemical tests. This method offers insights into the types of bacteria present in the gut.


But the analysis doesn’t stop there. The GI – Advanced Profile explores a wide array of markers, from key phyla and commensal abundance to parasites and worms, opportunistic bacteria, fungi and yeast, bacterial pathogens, viral pathogens, and even normal bacteria/flora. These markers paint a comprehensive picture of your gut microbiome’s health, diversity, and potential issues.

Key Phyla % Commensal Abundance

  • Bacteriodetes
  • Firmicutes
  • Firm/Bact Ratio
  • Proteobacteria
  • Actinobacteria
  • Verrucomicrobia
  • Euryarchaeota

Parasites & Worms

  • Cryptosporidium
  • Histolytica
  • Giardia Intestinalis
  • hominis
  • Fragilis
  • Endolimax nana
  • Coli
  • Hominis
  • Ascaris lumbricoides, round
  • Necator americanus,hook
  • Trichuris trichuria, round
  • Taenia species, tape
  • Vermicularis
  • Strongyloides stercoralis
  • Enterocytozoon spp
  • Hymenolepis spp

Opportunistic Bacteria

  • Bacillus sp.
  • Enterococcus faecalis
  • Enterococcus faecium
  • Morganella sp.
  • Pseudomonas sp.
  • aeruginosa
  • Staphylococcus sp.
  • aureus
  • Streptococcus sp.
  • Methanobacteriaceae
  • Desulfovibrio piger
  • Enterobacter sp.

Pot. AutoImmune Triggers

  • Citrobacter sp.
  • Citrobacter freundii
  • Klebsiella sp.
  • Klebsiella pneumoniae
  • Prevotella copri
  • Proteus sp.
  • Proteus mirabilis
  • Fusobacterium sp.

Fungi & Yeast

  • Candida sp.
  • Candida albicans
  • Geotrichum sp.
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
  • Rhodotorula sp.

Bacterial Pathogens

  • Aeromonas sp.
  • Campylobacter sp.
  • difficile, Toxin A
  • difficile, Toxin B
  • Enterohaemorrhagic E. coli
  • Enteroinvasive E. coli/Shigella
  • Enterotoxigenic E. coli LT/ST
  • Shiga-like toxin E. coli stx 1
  • Shiga-like toxin E. coli stx 2
  • Salmonella sp.
  • Vibrio spp
  • Yersinia enterocolitica
  • Helicobacter pylori PCR & EIA
  • pylori virulence factors (x8)

Viral Pathogens

  • Adenovirus 40/41
  • Norovirus GI/II
  • Rotavirus
  • Sapovirus (I,II,IV,V)
  • Astrovirus (hAstro)

Normal Bacteria/Flora

  • Bacteroides fragilis
  • Bifidobacterium sp.
  • Bifidobacterium longum
  • Enterococcus species
  • Lactobacillus species
  • Lactobacillus rhamnosus
  • Clostridium sp.
  • Enterobacter sp.
  • Akkermansia muciniphila
  • Faecalibacterium prausnitzii
  • Roseburia sp.


  • Stool Colour
  • Stool Form
  • Mucous
  • Occult Blood

Short Chain Fatty Acids

  • Butyrate
  • Acetate
  • Propionate
  • Valerate

GIT Functional Markers

  • Calprotectin
  • Pancreatic Elastase
  • Secretory IgA
  • Zonulin
  • b-Glucuronidase
  • Steatocrit
  • Transglutaminase IgA

Microbial Culture Along-side PCR (Dual Method)

  • Bacteria
  • Yeasts

Antimicrobial Sensitivities 

  • Antibiotics
  • Natural
  • Antifungals
  • Natural Antifungals


In summary, US BioTek’s GI – Advanced Profile is a helpful testing option that goes above and beyond to provide a comprehensive understanding of your gut microbiome, employing cutting-edge testing methods and a wide array of markers. By offering such detailed insights into the gut, it paves the way for more personalized and effective interventions to optimize your overall health and well-being.

A Guide to Conceiving While Breastfeeding: Tips for Success

Expanding your family while breastfeeding can be both a joyous and challenging journey. If you’re a breastfeeding mom who has resumed her menstrual cycle but still wishes to conceive, you might be wondering how to navigate this unique situation. The good news is that it is indeed possible to become pregnant while breastfeeding, and in this blog post, we’ll explore some essential tips for success, backed by research. We’ll also delve into the importance of managing prolactin levels and how spacing out feeds can help optimize your chances of conception.


Understanding the Challenge

Breastfeeding can naturally act as a form of contraception for some women, known as lactational amenorrhea. This means that while you’re exclusively breastfeeding, your menstrual cycle may be suppressed, reducing the likelihood of conception. However, this method is not infallible, and many breastfeeding mothers still become pregnant. If you’ve already resumed your period but wish to conceive, here are some valuable tips to help you on your journey:


Monitor LH Levels:

Luteinizing Hormone (LH) plays a pivotal role in the ovulation process. An LH surge triggers the release of a mature egg from the ovary, ready for fertilization. To track your LH levels, consider using ovulation predictor kits (OPKs), readily available at most drugstores. Begin testing a few days before you expect to ovulate and continue daily until you detect a surge. This will help you pinpoint your most fertile days with greater accuracy.


Track Your Cervical Mucus:

Changes in vaginal discharge can provide valuable insights into your fertility. As you approach ovulation, your cervical mucus will become clear, slippery, and stretchy, resembling the consistency of raw egg whites. This fertile cervical mucus creates an ideal environment for sperm to swim to the egg. By monitoring these changes in your discharge, you can better predict the timing of ovulation and plan intercourse accordingly.


Understand Your Menstrual Cycle:

Even if you’ve resumed your menstrual cycle while breastfeeding, it may be irregular. Thus, it’s crucial to understand your cycle. Maintain a menstrual calendar to identify patterns and predict ovulation. While a typical menstrual cycle is around 28 days, yours may vary. Ovulation usually occurs around the midpoint of your cycle.


Timing Intercourse:

Once you’ve identified your LH surge and observed fertile cervical mucus, it’s time to plan intercourse. Aim to have intercourse in the days leading up to and during ovulation to maximize your chances of conception. Remember that sperm can live inside the female reproductive tract for several days, so strategic timing can still lead to pregnancy.


Manage Prolactin Levels:

Prolactin is a hormone responsible for milk production. Elevated levels of prolactin can suppress LH and, subsequently, ovulation. To optimize your fertility, consider spacing out your breastfeeding sessions. This can help lower prolactin levels and increase your chances of ovulating regularly. Discuss this approach with a lactation consultant or healthcare provider to ensure it aligns with your breastfeeding goals.


Maintain a Healthy Lifestyle:

Optimal fertility often goes hand in hand with a healthy lifestyle. Ensure you consume a balanced diet, engage in regular exercise, and manage stress effectively. Consider taking prenatal vitamins with folic acid to provide an ideal environment for a developing embryo.


Seek Professional Advice:

Nutrient deficiencies, common in breastfeeding women, can impact fertility and pregnancy. For example, iron deficiency can lead to anemia, which poses risks during pregnancy, such as preterm birth and low birth weight. A health care practitioner can assess your nutritional status and provide tailored recommendations.



Conceiving while breastfeeding, even if you’ve already resumed your menstrual cycle, is possible with the right knowledge and approach. By monitoring your LH levels, tracking changes in your cervical mucus, understanding your menstrual cycle, timing intercourse strategically, managing prolactin levels, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and seeking professional advice when necessary, you can increase your chances of successfully expanding your family. Keep in mind that every woman’s journey is unique, and patience, perseverance, and a positive mindset are essential allies on the road to conception. Best of luck on your exciting adventure toward growing your family

Embracing the Cold: How Scandinavians Thrive in Chilly Climates and the Immune-Boosting Benefits of Cold Exposure, Heat Shock Proteins, and Immune Health


When you think of Scandinavia, images of stunning fjords, picturesque snowy landscapes, and the mesmerizing Northern Lights often come to mind. However, these countries in Northern Europe are not just known for their natural beauty; they’re also renowned for their unique ability to acclimatize themselves to the cold. In this blog, we’ll explore how Scandinavian nations embrace the cold and discuss the importance of implementing practices like cold showers, ice baths, sauna therapy, snow baths, winter swimming, and outdoor naps for immune health, as well as the remarkable benefits of heat shock proteins (HSPs).


The Scandinavian Cold Adaptation

Scandinavia comprises countries like Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland, and Iceland, where winter temperatures can plummet to bone-chilling levels. Despite the harsh climate, the people of these nations have learned not just to survive but thrive in cold conditions. Here are some key ways in which they adapt:


Outdoor Activities and Diet:

Scandinavians don’t shy away from outdoor activities in winter. They ski, skate, and engage in other winter sports, which not only keep them physically fit but also help them become more cold-adapted. A hearty diet rich in fatty fish, whole grains, and root vegetables provides essential nutrients and keeps energy levels up during the cold months.


Sauna Culture:

Saunas are an integral part of Scandinavian life. Regular sauna sessions help increase blood circulation, relax muscles, and improve overall well-being. Sauna use is often followed by a quick plunge into icy waters or a roll in the snow, which is invigorating and helps build resilience to the cold.


Sauna Therapy: The Magic of Heat Shock Proteins (HSPs)

Sauna therapy is an excellent complement to cold exposure practices, and it comes with its own set of unique benefits, including the activation of heat shock proteins (HSPs).

Heat Shock Proteins (HSPs): HSPs are a group of proteins that play a crucial role in cellular health. When you subject your body to the intense heat of a sauna, it triggers the production of these remarkable proteins. HSPs act as molecular chaperones, helping to repair damaged proteins and maintain cellular homeostasis.

Here’s how sauna therapy benefits from the activation of HSPs:


  • Cellular Health: The production of HSPs helps protect cells from stress and damage, contributing to overall cellular health and longevity.
  • Detoxification: Saunas induce sweating, which is one of the body’s natural ways to eliminate toxins. The increased circulation and sweating in the sauna can help rid your body of harmful substances.
  • Cardiovascular Benefits: Regular sauna use has been associated with improved cardiovascular health, including lower blood pressure and reduced risk of heart disease.
  • Relaxation and Stress Reduction: Saunas promote relaxation and stress reduction, which can have a positive impact on mental health and well-being


Cold Exposure Practices: The Immune-Boosting Secret

One of the most intriguing aspects of Scandinavian cold adaptation is the practice of various cold exposure techniques. These practices, though intimidating to many, offer a range of health benefits, particularly for immune health:


Snow Baths and Winter Swimming:

Scandinavians often take “snow baths” by rolling in freshly fallen snow or lying down and making snow angels in the freezing powder. This practice may seem extreme, but it has several benefits:

  • Improved Circulation: The intense cold of the snow causes blood vessels to constrict, which temporarily reduces blood flow to the skin’s surface. When you warm up again, your blood vessels dilate, causing blood to rush to the skin. This process helps improve circulation and can leave you feeling invigorated.
  • Stress Reduction: The shock of the cold followed by the sensation of warmth can trigger the release of endorphins, promoting stress reduction and an overall sense of well-being.
  • Mental Toughness: Snow baths are as much about mental resilience as they are about physical health. They teach individuals to embrace discomfort and build mental toughness, which can be applied to various aspects of life.

While winter swimming in frozen lakes is a time-honored tradition in Scandinavia, it’s not something everyone may feel comfortable doing. Swimming in icy waters can be risky, and it requires specific precautions and training.

If the idea of winter swimming seems too extreme, a safer alternative is to experience the benefits of cold exposure through ice baths. Ice baths allow you to control the temperature and duration of your cold exposure while still reaping the rewards for your immune system and overall well-being. This practice is an excellent way to start your journey into cold adaptation without the risks associated with open-water swimming in frozen lakes.


Outdoor Naps, Even in Winter:

Another striking Scandinavian tradition is the practice of letting babies nap outdoors, even during the coldest winter months. This practice might seem unconventional, but it has its roots in the belief that fresh air and exposure to natural elements are essential for a child’s well-being. There are several benefits to this practice:

  • Enhanced Sleep Patterns: Babies who nap outdoors tend to sleep better and longer, possibly due to the quiet and natural environment.
  • Boosted Immune System: Exposure to cold air is believed to strengthen a child’s immune system, making them less susceptible to illnesses.
  • Mental Resilience: Just as with snow baths, exposing babies to the outdoors in various weather conditions can help build mental resilience from a young age.

It’s important to note that while outdoor napping can be beneficial, it should always be done safely and with the child’s comfort in mind. Adequate clothing, including warm layers and protective outerwear, should be provided to ensure the child stays cozy and safe. If you’re not comfortable with the idea of leaving your baby outside to nap, simply taking them for a walk in reasonable winter weather can offer many of the same advantages, allowing your child to experience the outdoors while staying snug and secure.


Cold Showers:

Contrast showers, alternating between cold and warm water, are an accessible way to introduce cold exposure into your daily routine:

  • Start with a warm shower for about 1-2 minutes to prepare your body.
  • Then, switch to cold water for 30 seconds. It might be uncomfortable at first, but focus on deep breaths and gradually acclimatize.
  • Repeat the cycle of 30 seconds cold and 1-2 minutes warm water two more times.
  • Finally, end your shower with 30 seconds of cold water. This final blast of cold can leave you feeling refreshed and invigorated.

Ice Baths:

If you’re feeling more adventurous and have access to a cold-water source or a dedicated ice bath, consider these guidelines:

  • Fill a tub or container with cold water, ideally around 50-59°F (10-15°C).
  • Enter the water slowly, and immerse yourself up to your neck if possible.
  • Stay in the ice bath for 2-5 minutes, depending on your tolerance.
  • As with contrast showers, focus on controlled breathing and relaxation.
  • Afterward, warm up gradually with blankets and warm clothing. You can also follow up with a warm shower or sauna session.

The Immune-Boosting Power of Cold Therapy

As we delve deeper into the fascinating world of cold exposure and its impact on our health, it’s essential to understand the specific ways in which these practices benefit our immune system.

Strengthening Immune Response: Cold exposure, whether through cold showers, ice baths, or winter swimming, has been shown to stimulate the production of white blood cells, which are key players in our immune system. White blood cells help identify and eliminate harmful invaders like viruses and bacteria, making your immune system more robust and efficient.

Enhanced Immune Function: Exposure to cold temperatures also prompts the release of cytokines, small proteins that regulate immune cell communication. This communication is crucial for coordinating immune responses, ensuring your body can effectively combat infections and illnesses.

Reduction in Inflammation: Cold exposure has anti-inflammatory effects, which can help prevent chronic inflammation that is linked to various health issues. Chronic inflammation can weaken the immune system over time, so reducing it can enhance overall immune function.

Adaptation and Resilience: Embracing the cold helps your body adapt to stressors more effectively. This adaptation extends to your immune system, making it more resilient in the face of environmental challenges.


So, when you step into a cold shower, immerse yourself in an ice bath, or take a brisk winter swim, you’re not just testing your resilience; you’re actively boosting your immune system’s ability to defend against illnesses and stay strong. These practices, inspired by the Scandinavian way of life, offer a holistic approach to health that combines the benefits of both cold and heat exposure, ultimately leading to a more resilient and robust you.

Unlocking the Benefits of Cod Liver Oil: A Look at Weston Price Foundation Products now available at Prairie Sky!

When it comes to natural supplements, few can match the rich nutrient profile and health benefits of cod liver oil. Packed with essential vitamins and fatty acids, cod liver oil has long been praised for its potential to support overall wellness. One organization that stands out in providing high-quality cod liver oil products is the Weston Price Foundation.

Cod liver oil is renowned for its high content of vitamins A and D, which are crucial for maintaining optimal health. Vitamin A plays a vital role in supporting vision, immune function, and skin health, while vitamin D is essential for bone strength, immune system function, and overall well-being. Cod liver oil also contains valuable omega-3 fatty acids, such as EPA and DHA, which promote heart health, brain function, and inflammation reduction.

Scientific research has shed light on the numerous health benefits associated with cod liver oil. Here are some positive findings:

  1. Bone Health: Studies have shown that the combination of vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids in cod liver oil can contribute to better bone health. These nutrients play a role in calcium absorption, promoting strong bones and reducing the risk of osteoporosis.
  2. Heart Health: Omega-3 fatty acids, particularly EPA and DHA found in cod liver oil, have been linked to improved cardiovascular health. They help reduce triglyceride levels, lower blood pressure, and decrease the risk of heart disease and stroke.
  3. Mental Well-being: Research suggests that omega-3 fatty acids play a crucial role in brain function and mental well-being. They are believed to support cognitive function, mood regulation, and may even reduce the risk of depression and anxiety disorders.
  4. Immune Function: The combination of vitamins A and D in cod liver oil is beneficial for the immune system. Vitamin A helps maintain the integrity of the skin and mucous membranes, acting as a barrier against pathogens, while vitamin D supports immune cell function and enhances the body’s defense mechanisms.
  5. Inflammation Reduction: Omega-3 fatty acids have potent anti-inflammatory properties, which can help alleviate symptoms of inflammatory conditions such as arthritis, asthma, and certain skin conditions.

The Weston Price Foundation’s commitment to providing high-quality cod liver oil products ensures that consumers can benefit from the potential health advantages of this natural supplement. Their emphasis on quality sourcing, traditional processing methods, and transparency in product information inspires confidence in their offerings.


One of the remarkable aspects of cod liver oil is its versatility, as it can be safely taken by individuals of all ages. From infants to the elderly, cod liver oil offers potential health benefits for everyone. For parents seeking to provide their children with the advantages of this supplement, cod liver oil can be administered using droppers specially designed for precise dosage.


It’s worth noting that the taste of cod liver oil may be an acquired preference for some children. Mixing it with a small amount of juice or incorporating it into food can help mask the flavor and make it more palatable for them. However, if children start supplementing young, most children seem to enjoy their drops of “medicine,” and look forward to it each day. We currently have the plain and orange flavour available at the clinic.


Additionally, it’s important to note that the dosage of cod liver oil should be prescribed by a qualified healthcare professional, such as a naturopathic doctor, to ensure it aligns with your specific health needs and goals. A naturopathic doctor takes into consideration factors such as your age, weight, overall health, and any existing medical conditions before determining the appropriate dosage.


In conclusion, cod liver oil remains a valuable addition to any wellness routine, thanks to its impressive nutrient profile and the potential health benefits it offers. Scientific research supports its positive impact on bone health, heart health, mental well-being, immune function, and inflammation reduction. When choosing a cod liver oil product, the Weston Price Foundation’s dedication to excellence and adherence to traditional practices make their offerings a reliable and trustworthy option. By incorporating high-quality cod liver oil into your daily regimen, you can unlock the remarkable advantages this natural powerhouse has to offer.

Natural Mosquito Repellent Ideas: Banishing Bugs the Eco-Friendly Way

With the arrival of warm weather, the pleasant ambiance of outdoor activities often comes with an unwelcome guest—the mosquito. These tiny yet relentless creatures can turn a peaceful evening into an itchy nightmare. While commercial mosquito repellents are readily available, many of them contain potentially harmful chemicals. Thankfully, nature provides us with a wide array of effective and environmentally-friendly alternatives. In this blog post, we will explore several natural mosquito repellent ideas that will help you keep those pesky insects at bay while maintaining a sustainable lifestyle.

1. Citronella Oil:
Citronella oil is perhaps one of the most well-known natural mosquito repellents. Derived from the lemongrass plant, this essential oil has strong mosquito-repelling properties. To create your own citronella-based repellent, mix a few drops of citronella oil with a carrier oil, such as coconut oil or jojoba oil, and apply it to exposed skin. You can also burn citronella candles or use citronella-based outdoor torches to create a protective barrier against mosquitoes.

2. Essential Oils:
Various essential oils possess natural mosquito-repelling properties. Some of the most effective ones include lavender, eucalyptus, peppermint, and tea tree oil. Create your own DIY repellent spray by combining a few drops of these oils with water in a spray bottle. Shake well and apply it to your skin and clothes before heading outdoors. Remember to patch test any new essential oil on a small area of your skin to ensure you don’t have an allergic reaction.

Source: Trongtokit, Y., Rongsriyam, Y., Komalamisra, N., & Apiwathnasorn, C. (2005). Comparative repellency of 38 essential oils against mosquito bites. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 21(1), 80-83.

3. Neem Oil:
Derived from the seeds of the neem tree, neem oil is a powerful natural insect repellent. It disrupts the mosquito’s feeding and reproductive cycles, making it an excellent long-term solution. Mix neem oil with a carrier oil and apply it to your skin. You can also add a few drops to your body lotion or moisturizer for added protection. Neem oil is safe for both adults and children but should not be used on infants under the age of two months.

Source: Kumar, V., Prakash, S., & Kirti, S. (2012). Mosquito repellent activity of neem (Azadirachta indica) oil. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 28(2), 136-139.

4. Garlic:
While it may seem surprising, garlic is an effective mosquito repellent due to its potent smell. Consuming garlic regularly can make your body produce a scent that deters mosquitoes. Additionally, you can create a homemade garlic spray by crushing several garlic cloves and mixing them with water. Let the mixture sit overnight, strain it, and pour it into a spray bottle. Spray it around your outdoor living areas to keep mosquitoes at bay.

Source: Rajkumar, S., Jebanesan, A., & Pushpanathan, T. (2005). Garlic and neem oil as effective mosquito larvicides. Indian Journal of Medical Research, 121(4), 885-889.

5. Natural Herbs and Plants:
Several herbs and plants have natural mosquito-repelling properties. Planting them in your garden or keeping potted versions on your patio can help create a mosquito-free zone. Some examples include basil, lemongrass, rosemary, catnip, and marigolds. Not only will these plants repel mosquitoes, but they also add beauty and fragrance to your outdoor spaces.

Source: Maia, M. F., & Moore, S. J. (2011). Plant-based insect repellents: a review of their efficacy, development, and testing. Malaria Journal, 10(Suppl 1), S11.

When it comes to protecting ourselves from mosquitoes, there’s no need to rely solely on chemical-laden commercial repellents. Nature provides us with a wealth of natural alternatives that are both effective and eco-friendly. Whether you opt for citronella oil, essential oils, neem oil, garlic, or natural herbs and plants, these natural mosquito repellent ideas will help you enjoy the outdoors while keeping those pesky bugs at bay. Embrace these natural solutions and bid farewell to chemical-laden repellents, knowing that you’re doing your part for the environment and your well-being.

Here’s a simple and effective recipe for a natural mosquito repellent spray using essential oils:

• 10 drops of citronella essential oil
• 10 drops of lavender essential oil
• 5 drops of eucalyptus essential oil
• 5 drops of peppermint essential oil
• 2 tablespoons of witch hazel
• 1 tablespoon of pure vegetable glycerin (optional)
• 1 cup of distilled water
• 1 spray bottle

1. Begin by preparing your spray bottle. Make sure it is clean and sterilized to avoid any contamination.
2. In the spray bottle, combine the witch hazel and vegetable glycerin. Witch hazel acts as a dispersing agent and helps the essential oils mix well with water, while glycerin helps the spray adhere to the skin for a longer-lasting effect. If you don’t have vegetable glycerin, you can omit it from the recipe.
3. Add the drops of citronella, lavender, eucalyptus, and peppermint essential oils to the mixture in the spray bottle. These oils have strong mosquito-repelling properties and will create a potent repellent blend.
4. Gently swirl the spray bottle to mix the ingredients together.
5. Fill the rest of the spray bottle with distilled water, leaving a little space at the top to shake the mixture before each use.
6. Close the spray bottle tightly and shake it well to ensure all the ingredients are thoroughly combined.
7. Your natural mosquito repellent spray is now ready to use! Before heading outdoors, give the bottle a good shake and spray the solution onto exposed skin, clothing, and any areas prone to mosquito bites.
Note: It’s always a good idea to perform a patch test on a small area of your skin before applying the spray to ensure you don’t have any allergic reactions to the essential oils. If you experience any irritation, discontinue use.
Remember to reapply the spray every few hours or as needed, especially if you’re sweating or spending an extended period outdoors.
Enjoy your time outdoors with this natural and effective mosquito repellent recipe!